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牛津初中英语

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每个人都是一座山,世上最难攀越的山其实是自己。 往上走,即便一小步,也有新高度。

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形容词副词比较级最高级使用注意事项  

2010-07-18 20:33:46|  分类: 语法归纳 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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◇比较应在同类事物之间进行。

误:Your English is better than me.

正:Your English is better than mine.

 

◇比较级前可以有一个表示程度的状语,最常见的三大修饰词是:a little, much, even。

以下单词也可用来修饰:any, far, still, a lot, yet, rather。

My sister is a little taller than me.

Their house is much larger than ours.

另外,名词短语也可修饰比较级,说明程度。

I’m three years older than he.

特别提醒:very, quite, too不可修饰比较级。

 

◇避免重复使用比较级。

误:He is more kinder to small animals than I.

正:He is much kinder to small animals than I.

误:He is more cleverer than his brother.

正:He is cleverer than his brother.

 

◇比较要符合逻辑,在同一范围内比较时,避免将主语含在比较对象中,这时需使用

other来排除自身。

误:China is larger that any country in Asia.

正:China is larger than any other country in Asia.

误:John studies harder than any student in his class.

正:John studies harder than any other student in his class.

正:John studies harder than any of the other students in his class.

正:John studies harder than anyone else in his class.

 

◇比较要遵循前后一致的原则,注意前后呼应。

The population of Shanghai is larger than that of Beijing.

It is easier to make a plan than to carry it out.

 

◇序数词通常只修饰最高级。

Africa is the second largest continent.

The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.

This is the third most popular song of Michael Jackson.

 

◇为避免重复,我们通常用that, those, one, ones代替前面出现的名词。that代替可数

名词单数和不可数名词,those代替可数名词复数。one既可指人又可指物,只能代替

可数名词。

The weather in China is different from that in America.

The book on the table is more interesting than that(或the one)on the desk.
       A box made of steel is stronger than one made of wood.
       误:In winter, the weather of Beijing is colder than it of Shanghai.

正:In winter, the weather of Beijing is colder than that of Shanghai.

 

◇“否定词 + 比较级”相当于最高级。

----Wait until we get a satisfactory reply, will you?

----I couldn't agree more. The idea sounds great to me.

Nothing is so easy as this. =Nothing is easier than this. =This is the easiest thing.

 

◇比较级前一般不加冠词。但表示两者中较突出者,且比较级后又有名词或出现了of the

two,这时比较级前一定要加the。

He is the taller of the two.

Of the two jobs,he chose the harder.

Which is the younger one, Lily or Lucy?

试比较:

Which is larger, Canada or Australia?

Which is the larger country, Canada or Australia?

She is taller than her two sisters.

She is the taller of the two sisters.

 

◇不含than 的比较级前可加不定冠词修饰,构成“a/an+比较级+单数可数名词”表示

“一个更……的人/物”。

Why don’t you use a sharper knife? 你为什么不用一把更锋利的刀呢?

 

◇比较级than 后应用人称代词的主格,但非正式语体中常用宾格。

He is taller than I/me.

 

◇为避免重复,比较级中同样的动词用助动词do, does, did替代。

I spend less time doing homework than John does.

She tells more funny jokes than we do.

 

 

以下内容不是初中教学的重点,仅供拓展之用。

◇形容词most前面没有the,不表示最高级的含义,只表示“非常”。

It is a most important problem.

=It is a very important problem.

 

◇倍数表达法

▲A is three(four, etc.)times the size(height, length etc.)of B.
          The new building is four times the size(the height)of the old one.
          这座新楼是那座旧楼的四倍大(高)/这座新楼比那座旧楼大(高)三倍。
      ▲A is three(four, etc.)times as big(high, long, etc.)as B.
          Asia is four times as large as Europe. 亚洲是欧洲的四倍大/亚洲比欧洲大三倍。
      ▲A is three (four, etc.)times bigger(higher, longer, etc.)than B.
         Your school is three times bigger than ours.你们的学校比我们的学校大三倍。
         用times表倍数通常用于三倍以上,两倍可以用twice或double.

 

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