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牛津初中英语

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每个人都是一座山,世上最难攀越的山其实是自己。 往上走,即便一小步,也有新高度。

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系动词(包括感官动词)语法归纳(内含江苏13城市中考试题汇编)  

2010-07-23 22:10:46|  分类: 语法归纳 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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      系动词,亦称连系动词(Linking Verb)。作为系动词,它本身有词义,但不能单独用作谓语,

后边必须跟表语,构成系表结构说明主语的状况、性质、特征等情况。

如:He felt ill yesterday. 他昨天病了。(felt是系动词,后跟表语ill,说明主语情况。)

 

常作连系动词的动词

表示状态存在的(以感官动词为主)

be, look, sound, smell, taste, feel, seem, appear

表示状态持续的(大都有“保持”之意)

keep, stay, remain

表示状态转化的(大都有“变”之意)

become, get, grow, go, turn, fall

相关例句:

1.         He is a teacher.

2.         He is ill.

3.         He always keeps silent at the meeting.

4.         He looks tired. 

5.         He seems (to be) very sad. 

6.         This kind of cloth feels very soft.

7.         This flower smells very sweet.

8.         He became interested in animals after that.

9.         The days are getting longer and longer.

10.     Maple trees turn red in autumn.

 

系动词使用注意事项:

◇最普通的“系动词”就是be动词。be有各种形态如:am, is, are, was, were及其时态变化。

◇所有的系动词都可接形容词作表语。除了形容词外,系动词后的表语还可以是名词、代词、数词、分词、

   动名词、不定式、副词、介词短语、词组、从句。

◇系动词一般不用进行时态。但也有例外,如:Are you feeling better now?

◇系动词无被动语态。(该考点为8B内容)

◇系动词常用在某些词组中:stay healthy(保持健康), come true(实现), fall asleep(睡觉),

    go bad(变质)。

◇某些系动词还可以做实义动词。实义动词又名行为动词,即有完整的意思,可以单独做谓语,不像系动词

   要和后面的表语合起来构成谓语。 需要特别注意的是,实义动词后面要用副词修饰,这跟系动词后跟形容

   词完全不一样。该考点主要涉及五大感官动词:look, sound, smell, taste, feel。这五大感官动词如果中文

   意为“看/听/闻/尝/摸起来……”,则为系动词,后面跟形容词作表语。如果意思为“看/听/闻/尝/摸”,后

   面接名词作宾语,则这里的感官动词为实义动词,后面必须跟副词修饰动词。

   以look一词为例:

   He looked at me happily. (实义动词,“看”,后有宾语me,用副词happily修饰。)

   He looked happy. (系动词,“看起来……”,后接形容词作表语。)

◇感官动词后面也可接介词like短语,like后面常用名词。例如:

  It sounds like a good idea.

 

配套练习:

◇翻译句子:

1.         那个人正在仔细地品尝鱼。

2.         这鱼尝起来很好吃。

3.         小姑娘正在闻那朵花。

4.         那朵花闻起来很香。

5.         棉花摸起来软。

6.         听起来真不错。

7.         他生气地看着我。

8.         他看起来生气了。

 

◇江苏13城市中考试题汇编

单项选择:

(   ) 1. ----Which of those radios sounds ________?

           ----The smallest one. (09无锡)

      A. good                      B. well                C. better                     D. best

(   ) 2. Grandma, you must feel ________ after cleaning the house. Let’s take a rest. (09淮安)

      A. tired                      B. well                C. good                      D. angry

(   ) 3. The music in the supermarket sounded so _____ that I wanted to leave at once. (09常州)

      A. soft                       B. wonderful       C. friendly                  D. noisy

(   ) 4. ----Do you like the film?

          ----No, it’s _________. It makes me want to sleep. (09徐州)

      A. boring                    B. interesting       C. sleepy                    D. noisy

(   ) 5. ----What is Mum cooking in the kitchen? (09扬州)

          ----Fish, I guess. How nice it _________!

      A. looks   B. sounds   C. tastes   D. smells

(   ) 6. ----Have you ever heard the song Welcome to Beijing? (09泰州)

          ----Yes, it _______ nice.

      A. hears   B. sounds  C. looks   D. listens

(   ) 7. I've got nothing to do. I'm ________. (08徐州)

      A.bored               B. interested   C. excited                 D. frightened

(   ) 8.----How much money did you pay for the drink?

        ----None. It was ________. (08扬州)

      A.easy            B. free            C. cheap               D. expensive

(   ) 9. The girl's voice sounds ________. Maybe she can become a good singer when she grows

       up. (08淮安)

      A. sweet              B. sweetly                   C. beautifully

(   ) 10. In the Science Museum, the children felt _____ to see so many ______ things. (08镇江)

      A.surprised; amazed     B. surprising; amazing     C. surprising; amazed     D. surprised; amazing

 

词汇:

1.         Don't get _________(patient) about your personal trouble. (08无锡)

2.         He seemed __________(friend) at first, but now I've got to know him and I realize he's warm 

            and kind. (08徐州)

3.         The weather today becomes even ________(bad). Why not take a raincoat with you? (08宿迁)

4.         If someone doesn't show good manners to others, he or she is __________(polite). (08宿迁)

5.         If you don't see the doctor at once, you'll get even __________(ill) later on. (08泰州)

6.         I like listening to light music. It can make me feel _______(relax) (09镇江)

7.         This question is very ________(容易的). Every one of us can answer it. (09宿迁)

8.         The illness can make you feel tired and _________(not strong) (09宿迁)

9.         The mother looked _______(angry) at her naughty daughter. (09宿迁)

 

翻译:

1. 当我妈妈和我在一起时,我从不会感到无聊。 (09苏州)

  _____________________________________________

2. 我希望我的所有学生都对英语感兴趣。(09苏州)

  _____________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Keys:

翻译句子

1.         The man is tasting the fish carefully.

2.         The fish tastes delicious/nice.

3.         The girl is smelling the flower.

4.         The flower smells sweet/good.

5.         Cotton feels soft.

6.         That sounds great.

7.         He looked at me angrily.

8.         He looked angry.

 

单项选择

1~5 D A D A D   6~10 B A B A D

 

词汇

1. impatient  2. unfriendly  3. worse  4. impolite  5. worse  6. relaxed  7. easy  8. weak  9. angrily

 

翻译

1.       I never feel bored when my mother is with me.

2.       I hope all my students are interested in English.

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