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牛津初中英语

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动词不定式作宾语和宾语补足语用法归纳  

2010-07-29 22:38:04|  分类: 语法归纳 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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◇     以下动词可跟动词不定式作宾语补足语。

        即:…sb to do sth

1.         ask  

2.         tell  

3.         would like  

4.         want

5.         help

6.         invite

7.         teach

8.         order (命令)

9.         remind (提醒)

10.     advise (建议)

11.     encourage (鼓励)

12.     allow (允许)

13.     expect (期待)

14.     need

 

特别提醒:

☆hope不可跟动词不定式作宾语,即不能说hope sb to do,只能说:hope to do

☆help后面的to可以省略。即:help sb (to) do sth。

☆动词不定式的否定形式在to前面加not。如:ask sb not to do sth.

 

◇     以下动词可跟动词不定式作宾语。

        即:…to do sth

1.         agree

2.         learn

3.         hope

4.         prefer  

5.         plan  

6.         decide  

7.         choose  

8.         would like  

9.         fail

10.     need 

11.     prepare

12.     help

13.     wish

14.     seem (似乎)

15.     promise (承诺)

16.     afford (负担得起)

17.     remember (以下动词亦可跟doing,但含义或有异同,使用时注意)

18.     forget  

19.     stop

20.     like  

21.     love

22.     hate

23.     begin

24.     start

 

◇使用动词不定式的部分句型:

1.         what/how/when to do

2.         It's time to do; 

3.         try one's best to do;

4.         can't wait to do;

5.         There is no need to do; 

6.         the first to do;

7.         have no choice but to do;除了……别无选择

8.         It's +adj+(for/of sb) +to do

9.         be heard /watched /seen /noticed sb.to do (被动语态)

10.     be made to do(被动语态)

 

◇江苏13城市中考试题汇编

单项选择:

(   ) 1. Last week our geography teacher told us ______ more information about how to protect 

    the environment. (08南京)

      A. get                 B. got                 C. to get                     D. getting

(   ) 2. The boy promised _______ late for school again. (08徐州)

      A.to not be                 B. not to be   C. not being                      D. being not

(   ) 3. Some children are arguing about what TV programmes ________. (08扬州)

      A.watching          B. for watching    C. to watch               D. will watch

(   ) 4. He’ll use what he has _______ her a new dress. (09无锡)

      A. bought   B. to buy  C. buying    D. been bought

(   ) 5. It is cold. Let’s make a fire ______ the room warm. (09镇江)

      A. to keep   B. keeping   C. kept   D. keep

(   ) 6. How hard the noise made it for us _______!(09淮安)

      A. fell asleep   B. fall asleep    C. to fall asleep  D. falling asleep

(   ) 7. I’m not strong. I decide ______ more exercise from now on. (09徐州)

      A. take   B. to take  C. taking   D. took

(   ) 8. The doctor did what he could _______ the dying man. (09宿迁)

      A. save   B. to save   C. saved   D. saving

 

词汇:

1.         ---- You forgot _______(close) the window again. ----Really? I won’t next time. (09常州)

2.         It is important for us __________(take) action to prevent A-Flu-H1N1 spreading. (09泰州)

3.         The story was funny enough __________(make) all of us laugh. (08常州)

4.         We should think about what we can do _________(keep) animals and plants from becoming

            endangered. (08无锡)

5.         It's my job __________(introduce) the film stars from Taiwan on the show.  (08宿迁)

6.         We are told ____________(not laugh) at those in trouble. (08泰州)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Keys:

单项选择:

1~5 C B C B A  6~8 C B B

 

词汇:

1. to close  2. to take  3. to make  4. to keep  5. to introduce  6. not to laugh

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