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牛津初中英语

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每个人都是一座山,世上最难攀越的山其实是自己。 往上走,即便一小步,也有新高度。

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过去常常习惯于……——used to do,be used to doing,be used to do辨析(2011版)  

2011-02-17 22:56:38|  分类: 词语辨析 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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词组

中文释义

备注

used to do

过去常常……

(现在已不再这样了)

 

be/get used to (doing) sth

习惯于做……,已习惯……

这里的to为介词,后面跟动名词或名词,类似于look forward to (doing) sth

be used to do

……被用来做……

该结构为被动语态

 

used to 使用注意事项:

◇used to do表示“过去常……”,用于表示过去真实或经常性的行为,特别强调现在不再那样了。

 (见词典例句1)

◇后面通常接动词不定式,即跟动词原形。但有时后面的动词可以省略。(见词典例句3)

◇否定形式为didn’t use to do,在正式英语中,否定形式常常是used not to do或缩写为usedn’t to do。

   一般疑问句可以把used 放在句首,或用助动词did。(见词典例句4~9)

◇There used to be…表示“过去曾有……”。(见词典例句10)

◇used在这里的读音为/ju:st/。

 

词典例句:

1.         I used to enjoy gardening, but I don’t have time for it now.

            我过去喜爱园艺,但现在没时间去弄了。

2.         They always used to ring me and say what they were doing.

            他们过去总是打电话来告诉我他们在做些什么。

3.         I don’t play golf now, but I used to. 我现在不打高尔夫球了,但过去常打。

4.         Did you use to work here? 你以前在这里工作吗?

5.         We didn’t use to earn much. 我们过去挣钱不多。

6.         They used not to allow shops to be open on Sundays. 他们以前不允许商店在星期天营业。

7.         Where did you use to live before you moved here? 你搬到这里来之前住在哪儿呢?

8.         I didn’t use to like him, but now we’re good friends.

           我以前不喜欢他,但现在我们成了好朋友。

9.         Customers didn’t use to want to shop from home. 消费者过去不愿意在家购物。

10.     There used to be a grocery store over there. 那儿过去有家杂货店。

11.     Deborah was used to working on difficult assignments. 德博拉已习惯于做艰苦的工作了。

12.     I’m tired----I’m not used to these late nights. 我累了,这几天晚睡我不习惯。

13.     It’s completely different from what people are used to. 这与人们所习惯的完全不一样。

14.     I haven’t got used to the new system yet. 我还不适应这个新系统。

15.     It took weeks to get used to having someone else around.

          我花了几周的时间才习惯周围有别人跟着。

16.     This box is used to hold pencils. 这个盒子是用来装铅笔的。

17.     This knife is used to sharpen pencils. 这把刀是用来削铅笔的。

 

 

 

同步练习

◇翻译句子:

1.         我们过去常在这条河里游泳。

2.         ----你打高尔夫球吗?----不打,但过去打。

3.         你过去很害羞。

4.         这里过去有一家工厂。

5.         蒂娜习惯了5:30起床。

6.         我无法适应这里的气候。

7.         我习惯步行去办公室。

8.         尼龙(nylon)是用被用来制造袜子的。

9.         她已经习惯了艰难的工作。

 

◇江苏13城市中考试题汇编

单项选择:

(   ) 1. I _________ a lot but I don’t play very often now. (09苏州)

      A. use to play tennis                         B. was used to play tennis  

      C. am used to play tennis                  D. used to play tennis

(   ) 2. He used to _____ to work by bus, but now he goes to work _______ foot. (09徐州)

     A. going; on         B. going; by                C. go; on             D. go; by

(   ) 3. The young man used to _____ to work, but he is used to _______ to work now. (09宿迁) 

     A. drive; walking  B. drove; walked  C. drive; walks   D. driving; walk

(   ) 4. She used to ______ with her parents, but now she is used to ______ with her classmates

        at school. (08泰州)

     A.live; living           B. live; live             C. living; living       D. living; live

(   ) 5. He used to __ in a small village, but now he has been used to __ in the big city. (08镇江)

     A.live; living           B. live; live             C. living; living       D. living; live

(   ) 6. Unlike Chinese, Americans ______ their meals with knives and forks. (2010无锡)

     A. used to taking                               B. are used to taking  

     C. used to take                                 D. are used to take

(   ) 7. Mrs Green ______ go to hospital, but now she is in good health. (08南通)

     A. has to             B. needs to              C. used to                D. ought to

 

词汇:

1. Jim has lived in Australia for two years. He is used to _______(驾驶) on the left. (08徐州)

 

动词填空:

1. My cousin is used to ________(study) with his new friends in Australia. (08南京)

2. My parents used to _______(get) up at 7, but now they get up at 6 and cook breakfast

     for me. (2010淮安)

 

翻译句子:

1. ----Jack, coffee or juice? (2010连云港)

    ----Juice, please. I __________(习惯) drinking it.

2. 史密斯一家习惯于早起。(08常州)

    The Smiths _________________.

3. Susan的爸爸过去常常去钓鱼。(08盐城)

   ____________________________________.

4. Bob ______过去常常) go to school on foot. But now he takes the school bus. (09连云港)

 

 2009版内容:http://funwithenglish2009.blog.163.com/blog/static/11530807920094218557148/

 

 

Keys:

翻译句子:

1.         We used to swim in the river.

2.         ----Do you play golf? ----No, but I used to.

3.         You used to be very shy.

4.         There used to be a factory here.

5.         Tina’s used to getting up at 5:30.

6.         I can’t get used to the climate here.

7.         I am used to walking to the office.

8.         Nylon is used to make stockings.

9.         She has been used to hard work.

 

江苏13城市中考试题汇编

单项选择:

1~7 DCAAABC

 

词汇:

driving

 

动词填空:

1. studying  2. get

 

翻译句子:

1. am used to  2. are used to getting up early  3. Susan’s father used to go fishing.  4. used to

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