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牛津初中英语

Carry on till tomorrow

 
 
 

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关于我

每个人都是一座山,世上最难攀越的山其实是自己。 往上走,即便一小步,也有新高度。

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2011年南京市初三英语一模试卷任务型阅读专项  

2011-06-14 10:55:00|  分类: 任务型阅读 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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A

根据下面短文内容,在文章后的空格里填入适当的词语。注意:每空一词。

Many people find good friends but they fail to continue with their friendship, because they do not know their role as a friend. Let us see some important points that we should take care of if we wish to be a good friend for someone.

    Be a secret admirer (崇拜者) of your friend: If your friend is good at something, then do not praise him just in front of him. Praising (表扬) a person for what he is good at does not improve his qualities. It surely will do harm to your friend. A good friend should never miss an opportunity to praise his friend in front of others when he is not around.

    Pull your friend away from making mistakes: If your friend is doing something wrong, it is your duty to let him know it at earliest. Keep in mind: A best friend has to play a role of critic (批评家) if he wants his friend to stop doing wrong things. But keep in mind not to show your friend’s mistakes in front of other people. It will spoil your friend’s image in others’ view. And additionally your friendship will be in danger. Sometimes it is important to understand your friend’s intentions (意图) behind his actions and try to analyze the situation (分析情形), then only you should give your opinion.

    Try to understand your friend: It is always important to understand what your friend is worried about or what problem he is facing. Always try to understand the situation your friend is in and try to calm him. It is obvious that if people have some problems, they will not speak up their problems to their brothers or sisters, they will instead tell everything to their friends. Let your friend speak up, just listen to him until your friend feels better.

    Try to teach good things: if you are a true friend, you should never give your hungry friend a fish, instead, you should teach him how to fish. This will give your friend food for lifetime. A good friend will never wish his friend to be dependent on someone.

    Do not interfere (妨碍):The most important point that one should take care of is that your friend has his own life and you should not interfere in his life. You have a right to tell your friend what is good and what is bad, but you do not have a right to make someone do what you wish.

Hope this will help you solve out some of your problems you are facing in friendship.

                                                    Advice on    1    

Key points

Know your    2    as a friend

Detailed approaches (途径)

Be a secret admirer of your friend

If you praise your friend when he is around, it surely will be    3     to him.

Pull your friend away from making   4 

When finding your friend is doing something wrong, you’d better let him know it earlier but not in front of    5     .

Try to understand your friend

When your friend has something to    6   about or has problems, let him speak up and listen to him. Try to understand him and keep him    7  .

Try to teach something   8 

Teach your friend the    9    to solve problems. Try to let him be independent.

Do not interfere

Your friend has his own life, so don’t interfere in his life. Never    10    him do what you wish.

 

B

(建邺)

 

阅读下面短文,在文章后的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每空1词。

Many people think that Abraham Lincoln was one of the greatest presidents in the history of the USA. He passed laws against slavery(奴隶制) and kept the United States united.

Lincoln was born in a poor family in 1809. His father was a carpenter(木匠) and farmer. Lincoln often played the piano when he was a child. And he was so interested in reading that he always borrowed books from his neighbours.

In 1830, Lincoln moved to Illinois, one of the states of America. From 1834 to 1840 he was a member of the Illinois government. He had many jobs in Illinois. At the same time, he studied to become a lawyer. And he became one in 1836 and was very successful.

From 1846 to 1849, he was a member of the US government. He spoke against slavery. From 1849 to 1860, he made a great many of his famous speeches.

In 1861, Lincoln became the 16th president of the United States. In 1862, he announced the end of slavery.

In 1865 Lincoln was shot by Wilkes Booth. Booth hated Lincoln because Lincoln had passed laws freeing the slaves.

People remember Lincoln for a great many things. He helped end slavery in the United States. He won the Civil War and kept the United States united. He also gave many speeches and wrote many famous letters. He is also famous because he came from a poor family, but through hard work, became President of the United States.

 


Abraham Lincoln

Childhood

Born in a (1) _______ family

Interested in playing the (2) _______ and reading.

Entry into politics

From 1834 to 1840, he was a member of the Illinois

(3) _______.

Became a successful (4) _______ in 1836.

From 1846 to 1849, he worked for the United States government. He spoke (5) _______slavery.

From 1849 to 1860, he made a great many of his famous (6) ____.

Became President of the US in (7) _______.

(8) _______ slavery the next year.

Being assassinated(暗杀) and the reason

He was (9) _______ by Wilkes Booth in 1865.

Booth hated Loncoln because he had passed laws setting slaves (10) __________.


 

C

(联合体)

阅读下面短文,在文章后的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每空1个单词。

How important is keeping healthy to you? A group of young people got together to discuss this question. Here’s part of their discussion.

PETER: I’d like to stay healthy, but to be honest, I only eat food that tastes good. And if food tastes good, it’s usually bad for you, isn’t it? Cola tastes better than water, for example.

TONY: Well, food that is bad for you can taste good! But I prefer not to eat much food that is fried, like, er, French fries. Do you eat fast food, Laura?

LAURA: Do I eat fast food? Never! I love to eat food that is healthy. I want to take care of my health, so I eat mainly fruit and vegetables. Oh! And I stay away from sugar, you do too, don’t you?

TONY: Hm, yes. And I think most people are in agreement that fruit and vegetables are good for health. But, um, I would say that fast food itself isn’t always bad for you, but too much of it is not good.

LAURA: Actually, did you know that it’s been found in laboratory testing that some types of oil are really bad for us? So I don’t eat anything that’s been cooked in oil. Also, did you know that some foods might cause cancer? Like burnt barbecued meat. I’ve heard eating burnt food like this can increase (增加) the risk of cancer.

PETER: Really! But I love to eat meat that’s well cooked, even if it is a little burnt. It’s delicious, and meat isn’t really dangerous, is it?

LAURA: Oh! Yes, it is! I never eat meat. It’s not at all good for our health. If I were you, I’d eat nuts instead.

TONY: Well, I agree it’s good to eat lots of fruit and vegetables, but I think it’s also fine to eat some meat or fish. People who eat a balanced diet should be healthier than those who only eat biscuits and hamburgers, shouldn’t they? I prefer to only eat food that I like, but isn’t it important to eat food that’s healthy, even if you don’t like it? The main thing is to have a good balance.

Peter

Peter likes to eat   1   because he thinks it’s   2 , and he doesn’t mind 

eating food that is a little   3  . And he thinks  4   food is usually bad for people.

Tony

Tony doesn’t like to eat   5   food and he eats a   6   diet, such as fruit and vegetables, meat and fish. He doesn’t think   7   food is really bad.

Laura

Laura   8   eats food with sugar in it and she would like to eat   9   instead of meat. She thinks eating burnt food can make people   10  .

 

 

D

阅读下面短文,在文章后的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填1个单词。

If you receive an e-mail that looks something like this: ARE YOU GOING TO CLASS TODAY? How does reading this message make you feel? Why did the sender use all capital letters? Was he or she angry, or did that person just forget to turn off the ‘Cap Lock’ on the computer? The fact is, this e-mail is usually the way that people shout online. Knowing when and when not to use capital letters is just one example of online etiquette(礼仪) —often called ‘netiquette’. Virginia Shea’s book, Netiquette, lists a basic set of dos and don’ts for communicating suitably with others on the Internet. Following are some of her suggestions.

First, always remember that you are sending messages to a real person, not just to a computer. Don’t type anything that you wouldn’t say to someone’s face. Also, remember that the person who receives your message cannot hear the tone of your voice, or see the expression on your face, so make sure your meaning is clear.

Don’t do anything online that you wouldn’t do in real life. Don’t take anything without paying for it, unless it’s free. Don’t use information that someone else has written, and say it’s yours. Don’t read other people’s e-mail—you wouldn’t open your next-door neighbor’s mailbox and open their mail, right? Do share your knowledge of the Internet with others. It’s a big place with lots of information, and there are many new things to discover.

Remember that people judge(判断) you by your words as well as your actions, so do try to write well. Good writing skills, as well as correct grammar and spelling, do matter. Send polite, well-written e-mail messages to others. If you’re uncertain about how to spell a word or which phrases to use, look it up. There are lots of helpful books and websites.

It’s okay to show your ideas online in forums(论坛) like chat room or message boards, but don’t start arguments with people. ‘Flame wars’ in online discussions can be interesting to read, but are often unfair to other members of the group. Express your opinions, but remember that fighting online or offline is just not suitable.

When you’re online, just as in ‘real’ life, try to respect(尊重) other people’s space, privacy and feelings. Remember, you are not the only one travelling on this highway!

 

Netiquette--- a (1)           about manners online

 

What to do

Express your meaning (2)          .

(3)           out new things and share your knowledge with others.

Send (4)        , well-written e-mails to others.

Respect other people’s space, privacy and (5)          .

Show your ideas online in forums like chat room or (6)          boards.

 

What not to do

Don’t send all (7)          letters if you don’t want to shout online.

Don’t (8 )          anything you wouldn’t say to someone.

Don’t do anything online that you wouldn’t do in (9)          life.

Don’t start to (10)           with people.

 

E

(江宁)

根据短文填空,在空格内填入最恰当的单词。注意:每空只填1个单词。

Michael Jackson was born on August 29, 1958. He was born in Gary, Indiana. He was the seventh child out of nine children in his family. Michael was often bodily abused(虐待) by his father, beaten up and also verbally(口头地) abused, but his father’s being strict led to Michael’s success.

Michael was always an entertainer(表演者). Even when he just joined school, he would perform in front of friends and classmates. Michael started his professional(职业的) music career at the age of 11, becoming a member of The Jackson Five.

He’s well-known for increasing the popularity(流行) of MTV through his music videos. Some of the music videos that are good examples of this fact are Beat It, Billie Jean and Thriller. Michael attracted his fans and audiences with his style of singing, dressing, and his special dance moves, especially “Moonwalk”. The moonwalk is something that people from every part of the world loved and tried to follow.

With the help of Michael Jackson, 39 charities worked very well. Through his work, he raised and donated the most money to charity, much more than any other showman. He had great love for children, especially the poor ones, and he felt children were the next best thing after God.

Michael planned to start a 50-concert tour(巡回演出) in July 2009. Sadly, on 25th June, 2009, Michael passed away at home. Michael Jackson was a great performer, showman and entertainer. It’s not likely that there will ever be another entertainer like Michael Jackson again in the near future.

Title

Michael Jackson

Childhood

He was   1   on August 29, 1958 in Gary, Indiana.

He had   2   brothers and sisters.

He was often abused bodily and verbally by his father.

He loved   3   in front of friends and classmates at school.

Music career

He became a   4   of The Jackson Five at 11.

Through his music videos, MTV became much more   5  .

He created some good music videos like Beat It, Billie Jean Thriller and so on. 

He had his own attractive style of singing, dressing, and special dance moves.

Charity

39 charities were   6   by Michael Jackson.

He was the showman who donated the most   7   to charity.

He   8   children very much, especially the poor ones.

Death

He died on 25th June, 2009   9   realizing his plan of a 50-concert tour.

Evaluation

(评价)

He was a good charitable person.

It’s likely that there will be   10   entertainer like him in the near future.

 

 

 

 

 

Keys:

A

1. Friendship  2. role  3. harmful  4. mistakes  5. others 

6. worry  7. calm  8. good  9. way(s)  10. make/let/have

 

B

1. poor  2. piano  3. government   4. lawyer  5. against 

6. speeches  7. 1861  8. Ended   9. shot  10. free

 

C

1. meat  2. delicious    3. burnt  4. tasty   5. fried 

6. balanced    7. fast    8. never  9. nuts     10. ill

 

D

1. book   2. clearly 3. Find  4. polite 5. feelings    

6. message     7. capital 8. type   9. real    10. argue

 

E

1. born    2. eight/ 8  3. performing  4. member  5. popular 

6. supported/ helped  7. money    8. loved    9. without    10. no

 

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