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牛津初中英语

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2011年南京市中考英语试题(Word版,阅读题,未完)  

2011-06-19 21:20:55|  分类: 中考试题 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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完形填空:

Today some people call Amsterdam the “City of Bicycles” because it is a city which is flat and convenient(方便的) for bicycles.

In the 1960s, a group of cycling fans _____1____ an idea. They believed that it would be better for everybody if only bicycles were allowed in the city centre. They were ___2____ that this would help to save energy, reduce pollution and provide free public transport. The group painted hundreds of bicycles ____3___ and placed them in public places around Amsterdam for people to use. ___4_____ was allowed to take them and use them for short journeys, whether he was a local or a foreigner. Wherever someone finished a journey, they would ____5___ the bike there for someone else to use. The problem was that it didn’t work ---- ___6____took all the bicycles within weeks!

____7___, more than thirty years later, the “white bike” is back in town ----this time with a computer chip(芯片) to ____8____its every move! To take a bicycle, you have to put a special card inside. The new “white bike” is not white any more but is an unusual ___9_____ with bright colours. The bikes are parked at special parking places and people who want to use them have to take them to another place that has enough room.

There is already less traffic in central Amsterdam, ___10___ both locals and tourists have been using the white bikes. Thanks to the good ideas of lots of people, like the cycling fans in the 1960s, many people around the world have been enjoying city centre streets without cars for many years.

(   ) 1. A. stole                  B. had                  C. refused            D. dropped

(   ) 2. A. thoughtful         B. helpful              C. hopeful             D. thankful

(   ) 3. A. black                 B. brown              C. blue                   D. white 

(   ) 4. A. Anyone             B. Everyone         C. No one              D. Someone

(   ) 5. A. take                  B. leave                C. carry                 D. send 

(   ) 6. A. robbers             B. shoplifters        C. kidnappers       D. thieves

(   ) 7. A. However           B. Instead             C. Therefore         D. Though

(   ) 8. A. make                B. mark                C. record               D. describe 

(   ) 9. A. design              B. idea                 C. size                    D. experiment

(   ) 10. A. so                   B. because          C. but                     D. while

 

 阅读理解:

A

 

2011年南京市中考英语试题(Word版,阅读题,未完) - David Zhou - 牛津初中英语

 

England on Shoestring

If you’re a shoestring traveler, there’s no getting around it----England isn’t cheap. Public transport, restaurants and hotel rooms all tend(趋向)to be expensive compared to many other European countries. But you can save money by staying in B&Bs instead of hotels, or hostels instead of B&Bs. You can also save considerably, by prebooking long-distance travel by coach or train----and by avoiding(避开) the times when everyone else is on the move(such as Friday afternoon). Many attractions are free or offer discounts on quiet days(eg Mondays).

Arriving in England

◇Heathrow Airport

Train to Paddington Station every 15 minutes

◇Gatwick Airport

Train to Victoria Station every 15 minutes

◇Eurostar trains from Paris or Brussels

Arrive at St Pancras International Station in central London

◇Buses from Europe

Arrive at London Victoria Coach Station

Websites

◇Enjoy England

(www.enjoyengland.com) Official tourism website.

◇National Traveline

(www.traveline.org.uk) Great portal site for all public transport around England.

◇Lonely Planet

(lonelyplanet.com) Destination information, hotel bookings, traveler forums and more.

◇Seize the Days

(lonelyplanet.com/132days)

Weekly updates on UK activities and events.

 

(   ) 1. Why do some tourists go to England for traveling between June and August?

    A. Weather is at its best.                         B. Wet is the norm.  

    C. Prices drop a lot                                 D. There are fewer travelers.

(   ) 2. What does “England on Shoestring” mean in the text?

    A. The map of England looks like a pair of shoes.   

    B. You can visit England without spending much money.  

    C. It’s necessary to wear a pair of shoes with strings in England.  

    D. All the attractions in England are free for a shoestring traveler.

(   ) 3. Which station will you arrive at if you take an Eurostar train from Paris according to the text?

    A. Paddington Station.                             B. Victoria Station. 

    C. St Pancras International Station.          D. London Victoria Coach Station.

(   ) 4. Which of the following websites can help you if you want to watch a football match between

    Manchester United and Liverpool this weekend?

    A. www. Traveline.org.uk                       B. lonelyplanet.com  

    C. www.enjoyengland.com                      D. lonelyplanet.com/132days

(   ) 5. What do you think this text is?

    A. A tour guide.                                       B. A map of England.  

    C. A flight timetable                                 D. An introduction of England.

 

B

Elena jogged with her dad in some empty lots(小块地) at the edge of town. These out-of-the-way lots were good places to jog. But the lots were full of rocks and rubbish.

One day, Elena saw a sign on the lots. It said, “New City Park.” Elena was excited. Maybe the park would have a jogging trail!

Elena told her parents about the sign.

“I read about the park in the newspaper,” said Elena’s father. “The city wants volunteers to help clean the area. Then the city will build a soccer field and a playground.”

“Will they build a jogging trail?” Elena asked.

“No, the paper didn’t mention a jogging trail.”

“Well, perhaps if I help clean up the lots, they’ll put in a jogging trail,” said Elena.

On Saturday Elena went to the lots. Many adults were working there. Some were picking up rubbish. Some were moving rocks.

“I want to volunteer,” Elena told a man. “What can I do?”

“This is not a job for children.” said the man. “You’d better go home.”

Elena looked around. She could carry rubbish. She could move rocks. A lady was pulling a bag of rubbish. Elena saw a box of rubbish bags. She took an empty bag.

“I’ll take this bag to the Dumpster,” said Elena. “Here’s a new bag.”

“Thanks,” said the lady. “Keep those new bags coming.”

Elena dragged rubbish bags. She told everyone she was glad to help build the park. She explained that she hoped the park would have a jogging trail.

Elena went to the area every week. Soon everyone knew her and she told everyone how wonderful a jogging trail would be.

Soon the volunteers cleared the lots. The city could start building. The mayor(市长) gave a speech. He showed a drawing of the new park. He told them about the soccer field and the basketball diamond. There would be picnic tables. There would be a playground. The park would even have basketball courts. There was no sign of a jogging trail.

The mayor thanked the volunteers. Then he asked if they had any suggestions. The volunteers said they wanted to build a jogging trail around the park.

They told the mayor how helpful Elena had been and how she wanted a jogging trail. The mayor said, “A jogging trail won’t be hard to build. Let’s do it!”

Everyone clapped and cheered. Elena cheered loudest of all.

(   ) 1. How did Elena feel at the beginning of the story?

    A. Happy and proud.                          B. Sad and shyd 

    C. Excited and hopefuld                     D. Unhappy and disappointed.

(   ) 2. How did Elena know the city needed volunteers to help clean the lots?

    A. Her father told her about it.           B. She read it in the newspaper.  

    C. She learned it from a sign.            D. She was told by other volunteers.

(   ) 3. Why did Elena want to help clean the lots?

    A. She wanted to play on the playground.               

    B. She wanted her name in the newspaper. 

    C. She wanted to work with other volunteers.  

    D. She wanted the city to build a jogging trail

(   ) 4. Why did the volunteers tell the mayor they wanted to build a jogging trail?

    A. They needed a park to jog around. 

    B. They wanted to thank Elena for her help. 

    C. They thought it was a good place for jogging.

    D. They hoped the mayor could jog with them every day.

(   ) 5. What can be the best title for the story?

    A. Elena and a Mayor                          B. Elena and New City Park  

    C. Elena and Some Volunteers            D. Elena and a Jogging Trail

 C

Long ago, Bluebird’s feathers were the colour of dust. She did not like her ugly colour. She was attracted by the colour of the lake near her home. It was as blue as the sky after a storm. Bluebird wanted to be the colour of that beautiful lake very much.

Flapping her wings one morning, Bluebird flew from her tree to the blue lake. Then she bathed in the water three times. After each bath, she sang, “Blue water. Still water. I went in. I am blue.” Bluebird repeated this every morning. On the third day, she came out of the lake with beautiful blue feathers.

Now Coyote was a trickster(骗子)----and hungry too. He stayed behind Bluebird’s tree for a long time every day and watched her go to the lake. He pretended(伪装) to be interested in everything she did. He wanted Bluebird for lunch, but he was afraid of the blue water. On the third morning, Coyote saw Bluebird come out of the lake with beautiful blue feathers. Impressed, he sat next to Bluebird’s tree and waited for her. When she returned, he asked, “Hoe did you get blue feathers? I want to be blue like the mountains too.” Bluebird didn’t believe Coyote, but she taught him how to bathe three times each morning and how to sing her song. Coyote did what she said, and after three days of bathing in the lake, his white fur turned deep blue.

Convinced(确信的) that blue fur was even more beautiful than blue feathers, Coyote forgot all about being hungry. He ran as fast as he could to the top of the hill. Standing on his back legs, he raised his front legs off the ground and howled. But Coyote slipped(滑倒) and rolled down the hill. He couldn’t stop himself, and the dust and dirt covered his new blue fur. He rolled and rolled until he hit into Bluebird’s tree heavily. No matter how much he tried, foolish Coyote could not shake the dust from his fur. And so the fur of all coyotes has the dull colour of dust to this very day.

(   ) 1. How many times did Bluebird bathe every morning before she had beautiful blue feathers?

    A. Three times            B. Four times              C. Five times              D. Six times

(   ) 2. Why was Coyote a trickster?

    A. He wanted to fly like Bluebird near the mountains.

    B. He wanted to eat Bluebird but pretended to be curious.  

    C. He wanted to swim in the lake but was afraid of the water. 

    D. He wanted to sing Bluebird’s song but didn’t know the words.

(   ) 3. Where did Coyote go after his fur turned blue?

    A. To the lake.            B. To the tree.             C. To the cave.            D. To the hill.

(   ) 4. Why did Coyote forget all about being hungry?

    A. Because his fur had the dull colour of dust.  

    B. Because the dust and dirt covered his new blue fur. 

    C. Because he hit into Bluebird’s tree and hurt himself. 

    D. Because he thought blue fur was much more beautiful.

(   ) 5. What words does the writer use to help you imagine the colour blue?

    A. sky, lake, mountains                              B. bird, coyote, storm  

    C. flapped, climbed, bathed                       D. fur, feathers, dust

 

D

Look carefully at the back of a California state quarter. A man with a walking stick is pictured there. A bird called a California condor(大秃鹫) is flying overhead. Who is this man, and why is he so important that he is featured(处于显著地位)on the back of a coin?

The man on this quarter is John Muir. Even as a child, Muir loved watching nature. As a young man, he spent much of his life exploring the beauty of the wilderness. He walked more than a thousand miles across the country, through fields and woods. John Muir liked writing about the places he visited, describing their beauty.

Muir also wrote about problems. In order to create more farmland for sheep and cattle, many trees were being cut down. This made Muir unhappy and worried, because he knew that trees were important to forests and to the animals that lived in them. Muir believed that nature should be conserved(保护) instead of being changed by human beings. He wrote articles in magazines and newspapers to spread the word about conserving forests. Soon, others began to listen.

Muir wrote letters to important people, such as President Theodore Roosevelt. The president admired Muir’s love for nature. When Roosevelt came to visit Muir in California, Muir convinced(说服) the president to go camping with him for three nights under the trees so they could talk about conservation. Later, President Roosevelt set aside 148 million acres of land for national forests and established(建立) five national parks. National parks are large areas of land that are protected from development. This means that people cannot build homes or businesses there. One of these parks is Yosemite National Park, the area that is featured on the back of the California quarter.

Though it has been almost one hundred years since John Muir died, people continue his work today. His work as a conservationist helped us to see the beauty of our natural world. John Muir made us understand the importance of protecting our earth and our resources----then, now and for the future.

(   ) 1. What did John Muir spend much of his life doing when he was a young man?

    A. Watching natural views.                              B. Writing about the places he visited. 

    C. Exploring the beauty of the wilderness.        D. Creating farmland for sheep and cattle.

(   ) 2. Why did president Theodore Roosevelt visit John Muir?

    A. Because Roosevelt loved watching nature.  

    B. Because Roosevelt received letters from John Muir.   

    C. Because Roosevelt admired John Muir’s love for nature.  

    D. Because Roosevelt was sad about the problems with farmland.

(   ) 3. What happened after President Roosevelt went camping with John Muir?

    A. Many trees were cut down.                       B. Five national parks were established.  

    C. More homes and businesses were built.  D. More farmland was used for sheep and cattle.

(   ) 4. Why is John Muir featured on the back of a California state quarter?

    A. Because he walked over a thousand miles across the country. 

    B. Because he helped people understand the importance of protecting the natural world.  

    C. Because he wrote articles to spread the word about conserving forests.  

    D. Because he once wrote several letters to President Theodore Roosevelt.

(   ) 5. What is the writer’s purpose of writing this article?

    A. To advise readers to become active conservationists. 

    B. To make us interested in the story about a great man.  

    C. To tell us something about an important person in history.   

    D. To give information about how to conserve the environment.

 

  阅读填空:

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首字母填空:

As we know, museums are buildings where many valuable and important objects are kept so that people can go and see them. For example, art museums are places where people can learn about v____________ cultures. More and more poplar “design museums” that are opening today, however, perform quite a different role. U___________ most art museums, the design museum shows objects that are easily found in our daily life, such as fridges and washing machines.

The a__________ of design museums is that they are places where people feel familiar with the exhibits(展品). Being different from the art museum visitors, design museum visitors s_________ feel frightened or puzzled. This is partly because design museums clearly show how and why mass-products(批量产品) work and look as they do, and how design has i__________ the quality of our lives. Art museum exhibits, on the other hand, would most probably fill visitors with a feeling that there is something b_________ their understanding.

Several new design museums have opened their doors in r_______ years. Each of these museums has tried to satisfy(满足) the public’s growing interest in the field with new i__________. London’s Design Museum, for example, shows a collection of mass-produced objects from electric typewriters to a group of Italian fish-tins. The choices open to design museums seem f_________ less strict than those to art museums, and visitors may also sense(感觉到) the humorous part of our society while walking around such exhibits as interesting and unusually attractive toys c____________ from our everyday life.

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