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牛津初中英语

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每个人都是一座山,世上最难攀越的山其实是自己。 往上走,即便一小步,也有新高度。

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as用法归纳  

2011-09-22 20:58:40|  分类: 词语辨析 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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词性

中文释义

备注

词组

 

 

 

 

连词

像……一样

 

as … as possible 尽可能地……

the same…as…与……一样

as if/as though 好像是……

as soon as一……就……

as…as…与……一样

as a result of由于

be regarded as sth被看作是某物

as a matter of fact事实上,实际上

as long as 只要

as well 也

A as well as B 不但B,而且A也……

such as例如

as usual像往常一样

as far as I know就我所知

依照,正如

 

当……的时候;随着

 

因为,由于

 

 

 

虽然,尽管

形容词、副词、动词等放在句首,而as置其后。

该考点为高中教学内容。

 

介词

像,与……也一样

 

作为

 

用作,看作

 

 

副词

和……一样地,相同程度地,同样地

 

课本例句:

1.         ----Was she hurt? ----No. As it was a holiday, no one was at school. (8A 103)

2.         Green can give you energy, as it is the colour of nature and represents new life and growth. (9A 27)

 

词典例句:

1.         These houses aren’t as old as the ones downtown. 这些房子没有市中心的房子旧。

2.         John used an old blanket as a tent. 约翰把旧毛毯用作帐篷。

3.         I can’t run as fast as I used to. 我跑得不如过去那样快。

4.         Jim works in the same office as my sister does. 吉姆和我妹妹在同一个办公室工作。

5.         You’d better do as Mom says. 你最好照妈妈说的去做。

6.         Roberta was late as usual. 罗伯塔像往常一样迟到了。

7.         The phone rang just as I was leaving. 正当我要离开时电话铃响了。

8.         You look as if you’re having a good time. 你看起来好像玩得挺开心。

9.         James decided not to go out as he was still really tired. 由于仍然很累,詹姆斯决定不出去了。

10.     Try as she might, Sue couldn’t get the door open. 无论休怎么努力,她就是打不开门。

11.     As I had a cold, I was absent from school. 因为我感冒了,所以没有去上课。

12.     Leave it as it is. (把它)维持原状好了。

13.     As I was walking down the street, an American asked me for directions to the nearest station.

14.     当我走在街道上时,有个美国人问我往最近的车站怎么走。

15.     He sang songs as he was taking a bath. 他一面洗澡一面唱歌。

16.     As she grew older, she became more pessimistic. 她年龄越大,变得越悲观。

17.     I’d like to go abroad as you do. 我想跟你一样出国。

18.     Please come here as soon as possible. / Please come here as soon as possible. 请尽快来这里。

19.     He came to China as a tourist five years ago.他五年前以游客的身份来过中国。

20.     Please answer my question as soon as possible.请尽快回答我的问题。

 

特别注意事项:

◇as用作连词引导原因状语从句

as,because,since都可以表示因果关系,连接原因状语从句,含义是“因为,由于”,但它们有区别:because表示的语气最强;as一般放在句首,有时也可放在句中,语气较弱,较口语化,一般译作“由于”;since常常用在书面语中,表示多为对方已知的、或稍加分析便可得知的原因,可译作“既然”。例如:

He will succeed because he is in earnest.他一定会成功,因为他很认真。

Since you are so sure of it he’ll believe you.既然你对此如此有把握,他会相信你的。

As rain has fallen, the air is cooler.因为下过雨,空气比较清爽。

As / Since you're not feeling well, you may stay at home.
       As he wasn't ready in time, we went without him.

 

◇as用作连词引导时间状语从句

as与when,while都是引导时间状语从句的从属连词,含义都是“当……的时候”。但它们有区别:用when时,从句的动作既可是延续性动作,也可是非延续性动作。从句的动作可以与主句的动作同时发生,也可以先于主句的动作发生;用while时,从句的动作必须为延续性动作,主句动作与从句动作同时进行或在从句动作过程中发生;用as时,主句和从句的动作同时发生,具有延续的含义。例如:

When he was at college, he could speak several foreign languages.

He was watching TV while his mother was cooking.他母亲做饭时他在看电视。

You will grow wiser as you grow older.你会随着年龄的增长而越来越聪明。

When the clock struck twelve, all the lights in the street went out.  
       Work while you work. Play while you play.

 

但下列情形只用as, 而不用when或while。
       用于表示同一个人的两种动作交替进行,指“一边……,一边……”。
       The girl dances as she sings on the stage.  
       He looked behind from time to time as he went forward.
       表示两个同步发展的动作或行为,译为“随着……”。
       As time went on / by, she became more and more worried. 

As children get older, they become more and more interested in the things around them.  

表示两个短促行为或事件几乎同时发生。

I thought of it just as you opened your mouth.  

Just as the flying worm hit her face, she gave a loud cry.

后接名词表示某一年龄段时,用as。

As a young man, he was active in sports.  

 

◇as...as的用法

as...as意为“和……一样”,表示同级的比较。使用时要注意第一个as为副词,第二个as为连词。

其基本结构为:as+ adj./ adv. +as。例如:

This film is as interesting as that one.这部电影和那部电影一样有趣。

Your pen writes as smoothly as mine.你的钢笔书写起来和我的一样流畅。

其否定式为not as/so +adj./ adv. +as。例如:

This dictionary is not as/so useful as you think.这本字典不如你想象的那样有用。

若有修饰成分,如twice, three times, half, a quarter等,则须置于第一个as之前。例如:

Your bag is twice as expensive as mine.你的袋子比我的贵一倍。

 

江苏13城市中考试题

His face changes _______ the music from his violin changes. (2009南京中考,完形填空)

A. as   B. while   C. and    D. or

答案:A

 

翻译下列句子:

1.         我网球打得和他一样好。

2.         这部电影和那部电影一样有趣。

3.         我一到北京,就给你写信。

4.         记住,你必须照我的去做。

5.         她看起来似乎要哭了。

6.         我们的目标是收集尽可能多的信息。

7.         他是个服务员。

8.         年轻时,他积极参加体育运动。

9.         由于天色越来越晚,我们就带孩子们回家了。

10.     据我所知,他将于下星期一到这。

11.     孩子们装扮成各种动物庆祝万圣节。

 

 

 

 

 

 

Keys:

1.         I play tennis as well as he does.

2.         This film is as interesting as that one.

3.         As soon as I get to Beijing,I'll write to you.

4.         Remember, you must do everything as I do.

5.         She looks as if she’s going to cry.

6.         Our aim is to collect as much information as possible.

7.         He works as a waiter.

8.         As a young man, he was active in sports.

9.         As it was getting late, we took the children home.

10.     As/So far as I know,he will come here next Monday.

11.     The kids dressed up as animals for Halloween.

 

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