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牛津初中英语

Carry on till tomorrow

 
 
 

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每个人都是一座山,世上最难攀越的山其实是自己。 往上走,即便一小步,也有新高度。

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need用法归纳  

2012-02-10 14:51:54|  分类: 词语辨析 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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词性

词组/句型

中文

例句

备注

动词(行为动词)

need sth

需要

Do you need more money?

 

need to do sth

需要做……,

有必要做……

Do I need to go at once?

 

need sb to do sth

需要某人做某事

I need you to help me.

 

need doing =need to be done

(东西)必须被……

The TV needs mending. =The TV needs to be mended.

类似的词还有want, require。

 

 

 

 

情态动词

 

 

You needn’t worry.

Need I stay any longer?

1.无人称和数的变化。

2.后跟动词原形。

3.否定句在后面加not。

4.变为疑问句将need置于句首。

5.一般用于否定和疑问句中。

6. Must/Need…?的回答必须统一使用:Yes, you/...must.

No, you/...needn’t.

/No, you/... don’t have to.

名词

in (great) need of

需要

Are you in need of help?

 

meet sb’s needs

满足某人的需要

 

 

There is no need to do sth

没有必要做……

There’s no need for you to wait.

 

拓展内容:needn't have done是做了……而本不必做(表示过去发生过的事,事实上没有必要)

I need not have got up so early. 我本来不必那么早起床的(但事实上已早起床)。

 

◇例句:

1.         Need I type this letter again? 我需要重新录入将这封信吗?

2.         There is enough time. You needn’t hurry. 有的是时间,你不必着急。

3.         The president wondered whether he need send more soldiers. 总统不知道他是否要增兵。

4.         ----Must I hand in my homework now?  现在我必须交作业吗?

            ----No, you needn’t. 不,你不必。

5.         Your car needs mending. = Your car needs to be repaired. 你的车需要维修了。

 

◇翻译句子:

1.         你不必再尝试了。

2.         在你需要帮助的时候我会来的。

3.         你不必为此担心。

4.         他有必要来吗?

5.         你得完成你的作业。 

6.         我必须马上去那里吗?不,你不必。

7.         你的外套要洗了。

 

◇江苏13城市中考试题汇编:

(   ) 1. ----Peter doesn’t mind lending you his camera. (2011无锡)

          ----He ________. I’ve already borrowed one.

        A. needn’t            B. can’t               C. mustn’t           D. shouldn’t

(   ) 2. ----Must we leave now? (2011连云港)

          ----No, we _______. We still have two more hours.

        A. can’t               B. mustn’t            C. needn’t            D. shouldn’t

(   ) 3. ----Must I mop up the floor now?

          ----No, you ________. (2010扬州)

        A. needn’t                 B. can’t                     C. shouldn’t               D. mustn’t

(   ) 4. The desk is not dirty. You _______ clean it. (2010盐城)

        A. mustn’t                 B. shouldn’t               C. needn’t                   D. can’t

(   ) 5. ----Mr Wu, must we bring some water to the park?

          ----No, you _______. Drinking water is offered there. (2010泰州)

       A. shouldn’t             B. mustn’t                    C. needn’t                   D. can’t

(   ) 6. Don’t worry. It’s nothing serious at all and you ________ take any medicine. (南通)

       A. can’t               B. shouldn’t         C. mustn’t           D. needn’t

(   ) 7. ----Must I finish watering the flowers now?

          ----No, you_______. (宿迁)

        A. must               B. won’t             C. needn’t           D. can’t

(   ) 8. ----May I watch TV this Thursday? There's a live football match.

          ----_______. You may only watch TV at the weekends. (常州)

        A. Yes, you may   B. No, you mustn't    C. Yes, you can    D. No, you needn’t

(   ) 9. ----Will you go to the museum with me this afternoon?

          ----Sorry, ________. My aunt is coming to see me. (无锡)

        A. I don't    B. I can't    C. I needn't    D. I mustn't

(   ) 10. Be quiet. You _____ talk to the old like that. (连云港)

       A. couldn't    B. needn't    C. mustn't     D. wouldn't

(   ) 11. ----Listen! Is Rose singing in the next room?

            ----No. It ______ be Rose. She has gone to Shanghai. (扬州)

        A. may not    B. can't    C. mustn't    D. needn't

(   ) 12. Oh, dear! Did you walk so long a way on such a hot day? You _______ be tired! (淮安)

        A. can    B. must    C. need

(   ) 13. Millie will be busy this weekend. She _______ watch the game show on TV. (镇江)

        A. mustn't    B. needn't    C. can't     D. doesn't have to

(   ) 14. ----_______ I borrow these magazines?

          ----Sorry, only the magazines over there can be borrowed. (09常州)

      A. Must               B. Would             C. May                D. Need

(   ) 15. ----Is that your best friend Simon?

         ----No, it _______ be him. He flew to Hong Kong yesterday. (连云港)

     A. mustn’t           B. may not                 C. can’t              D. needn’t

(   ) 16. ----It must be John who is in the office.

          ----I’m sure it _______ be John. I saw him off at the railway station just twenty minutes

               ago. (无锡)

      A. won’t            B. mustn’t           C. can’t              D. needn’t

(   ) 17. There will be an important test tomorrow morning. You _______ be late. (2010南通)

        A. may not                B. needn’t                C. mustn’t                  D. couldn’t

(   ) 18. ----I don’t care about what my teachers think.

            ----Well, you ________. (2010苏州)

        A. could                    B. would                   C. should                   D. might

(   ) 19. ----______ I have a ticket, please?

          ----Sorry, sir. All the tickets were sold out ten minutes ago. (2010连云港)

        A. May                      B. Need                    C. Must                       D. Should

(   ) 20. ----Fifty dollars for such a T-shirt! You ______ be joking! (2011南京)

          ----I’m serious. It’s made of silk.

        A. must               B. need               C. may                D. can

(   ) 21. ----______ I borrow your history book? (2011淮安)

             ----Sure. Here you are.

        A. Must              B. May                C. Need               D. Will

(   ) 22. According to the new traffic laws, people ____ drive after drinking wine or beer. (2011泰州)

        A. wouldn’t         B. couldn’t           C. needn’t            D. mustn’t

 

 

 

 

 

 

Keys:

◇翻译句子:

1.         There’s no need for you to try again.

2.         I'll come when you are in need of help.

3.         You need not worry about this.

4.         Need he come here?

5.         You need to finish your homework. 

6.         ----Must I go there at once? ----No, you needn’t./don’t have to.

7.         Your coat needs washing./ Your coat needs to be washed.

 

◇江苏13城市中考试题汇编:

1~5 A C A C C 

6~10 D C B B C 

11~15 B B C C C 

16~20 C C C A A 

21~22 B D

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