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牛津初中英语

Carry on till tomorrow

 
 
 

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每个人都是一座山,世上最难攀越的山其实是自己。 往上走,即便一小步,也有新高度。

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现在进行时用法归纳  

2012-12-30 22:15:03|  分类: 语法归纳 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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基本用法:

1. 表示说话时正在进行的动作,强调“此时此刻”,常和now, look, listen连用。

Look! A train is coming. 看,火车来了。

Listen! He is playing the piano. 听,他在弹琴。

 

2. 表示现阶段正在进行的事情,不一定说话时正在进行。常和at present ,this week ,these

   days…等时间状语连用。

What lesson are you studying this week? 你们本周学哪一课了?(说话时并不在学)

 

3. 现在进行时有时可用来表示一个最近按计划或安排要进行的动作,即用现在进行时代替一般将来时,

动词一般多为表示位置移动的动词。如:go, come, leave等。

Where are you going? 你去哪?

I am coming. 我来了。

Are you going to Tianjin tomorrow?  你明天去天津吗?

How many of you are coming to the party next week?  你们有多少人下周要来参加晚会?

 

4. wear用现在进行时表示一种状态。如:

He is wearing a blue coat. 他穿着一件蓝外套。

 

5. 有些动词意思只是表示一种状态,不能用于现在进行时。如:have(有),like等。

Now each of us has a dictionary. 现在我们每一个人都有一本词典。

 

6. 现在进行时与always, often, forever等连用表示赞扬、厌烦等语气。该知识点仅作了解之用,

不作为中考考查内容。如:

You’re always interrupting me! 你老打断我的话!(抱怨)

My father is always losing his car keys. 我爸老丢车钥匙。(不满)

She’s always helping people. 她老是帮助别人。(赞扬)

 

构成:

be+现在分词(即动词ing形式)

 

现在分词变化规则:

1. 一般情况,在动词词尾加上-ing。如:jump----jumping

2. 以不发音字母e结尾的动词,先去e,再加-ing。如:have----having  write----writing

make----making, taste----tasting  come----coming, take----taking,  hope----hoping

3. 以重读闭音节结尾,即一个元音字母加一个辅音字母,且不为字母组合,则双写末尾的辅音字母,

再加ing。run----running  sit----sitting  put----putting  stop----stopping

get----getting  run----running cut----cutting run----running shop----shopping swim---- swimming 

set----setting

4. 以ie结尾的动词,改ie为y加ing。初中阶段只有三个单词:die----dying   lie----lying  tie----tying

 

特别提醒:

①容易拼错的现在分词:opening, drawing, studying, listening, cleaning, eating, raining, seeing,

lying, writing, forgetting, beginning, preferring。

②动词变现在分词可有如下口诀:“一添一去y不变”。“一添”指双写规则;“一去”指去掉不发

音字母e规则;“y不变”指要与名词变复数区分开。

 

现在进行时的肯定肯定句、否定句、疑问句形式:

主语

肯定句

否定句

疑问句

第一、二人称和第三人称复数以及名词复数

I am driving.

He/She/It is working.

We/You/They are doing something.

 I am not driving.

He/She is not working.

We/You/They are not doing anything.

Are you driving?

Is he/she working?

Are you/they doing something?

 

用所给动词的适当形式填空:

1.         It’s ten o’clock. My mother _________ (lie)in bed.

2.         What _______ he ________(mend) now?

3.         We ___________(play) games now.

4.         ________he ________(clean) the classroom? Yes, he is.

5.         What are you _________(do) now? I ___________(eat) bread.

6.         It’s nine o’clock. My father_______________(work) in the office.

7.         Look, the boy____________ (put) the rubbish into the bin.

8.         Where is Mark? He___________ (run) on the grass.

9.         Listen, who____________ (sing) in the music room?

10.     My father always __________ (come) back from work very late.

11.     The teacher is busy. He __________ (sleep) six hours a day.

12.     The boy ________ (draw)a picture now.

13.     My mother __________ ( cook )some nice food now. 

14.     They ________(not water) the flowers now.

15.     Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

16.     What is our granddaughter doing? She ________(listen ) to music.

17.     It’s 5 o’clock. We _____________(have)supper now

18.     ______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes, she is.

19.     Don’t talk here. My mother __________(sleep).

20.     The man is ___________(open) the door for us. Let’s hurry.

 

 

 

Keys:

1. is lying  2. is, mending  3. are playing  4. Is, cleaning  5. doing; am eating  6. is working 

7. is putting  8. Is running  9. is singing  10. comes  11. sleeps  12. is drawing  13. is cooking 

14. are not watering  15. are dancing  16. is listening  17. are having  18. Is, washing 

19. is sleeping  20. opening

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