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牛津初中英语

Carry on till tomorrow

 
 
 

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There be 句型用法归纳(未完)  

2012-05-29 23:36:16|  分类: 语法归纳 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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There be形式

例句

各种时态形式

一般现在时There is/are…

There is a basketball in the box. 

一般过去时There was/were…

There were many people in the street yesterday. 

一般将来时There will be…

/There is/are going to be…

There is going to be a meeting tonight.今晚有个会议。

现在完成时There have been…

There have been a lot of changes in my hometown. 我的家乡已经有了很大变化。

和情态动词连用

There must be…

There must be something wrong.一定有问题。

There may/might be…

There may be a show tonight. 今晚可能有场演出。

和used to连用

There used to be…

There used to be a building here.过去这儿有一座楼房。

和其它动词连用

(拓展内容)

There seems to…

There doesn't seem to be much hope.好象没有太大的希望。

There happens to…

There happened to be a man walking by.碰巧有个人在此经过。

There lives…

There lived a rich man.这以前住着一个富翁。

There stands…

There stands a tall tree. 那里有棵大树。

重要句型

There is no need to do

There is no need to worry.

没有必要担心。

There be+主语+ doing

There is a wallet lying on the ground. 地上有一个钱包。

 

There be句型使用注意事项:

 

◇there是引导词,在句中不充当任何成分,翻译时也不必译出。句子的主语是某人或某物,There be句型中be动词的形式要和其后的主语在人称和数上保持一致。

There is a little milk in the glass. 

There are many birds in the tree. 

如果有两个或两个以上的名词作主语,be动词要和最靠近它的那个主语在数上保持一致,也就是我们常说的 “就近原则”。例如:
There is an orange and some bananas in the basket.
There are some bananas and an orange in the basket.
There are two boys and a girl under the tree.
There is a teacher and many students in our classroom. 

 

◇there be 与have的区别
(1) There be 句型和have都表示“有”的含义。区别如下:There be表示“某处存在某物或某人”;have表示“某人拥有某物/某人”,它表示所有、拥有关系。 如:
       He has two sons.  

There are two men in the office.   

There are three books on the desk.

I have three books.

(2)当have表示“包括”、“存在”的含义时,There be 句型与其可互换。如:
      A week has seven days. =There are seven days in a week.  一个星期有七天。

 

◇对主语提问:当主语是人的时候,则用who 引导,当主语是物的时候,则用what 引导。注意:无论原句的主语是单数还是复数,对之提问时一般都用be的单数形式(回答时却要根据实际情况来决定)。如:
There are many things over there. →What's over there?
There is a little girl in the room. →Who is in the room?
对地点状语提问:则用where 引导。如:

There is a computer on the desk. → Where is the computer? 
       There are four children on the playground. →Where are the four children?

对数量提问:一般有两种句型结构:

如果主语是可数名词,无论是单数还是复数,都用“How many +可数名词复数 + are there + 介词短语?”表示:

There are twelve months in a year. →How many months are there in a year?

There is only one book in my bag. →How many books are there in your bag?

There is a cat in the box. → How many cats are there in the box?

如果主语是不可数名词,则用“ How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语?”表示:

There is some money in my purse. →How much money is there in your purse?

 

◇反意疑问句:There be或There加其它动词,其反意疑问句一律用…there? 例如:

There is a beautiful girl in the garden, isn’t there?

There used to be no school here, used there \did there?

 

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