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牛津初中英语

Carry on till tomorrow

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

每个人都是一座山,世上最难攀越的山其实是自己。 往上走,即便一小步,也有新高度。

网易考拉推荐

中考英语考点归纳(一)  

2012-06-12 15:37:40|  分类: 初三归纳 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

说明:该考点归纳涉及内容均为初中英语中的重难点,如能与《风雨同周这三年》一书配合使用,效果更佳。

所选例句如无特别标注,均选自南京市各区县二模试卷,少部分来自一模试卷,均有标注。

考虑到近四年来的中考试题已做过多次,本文例句没有选用。(但二模和一模试卷有相当比例选用的是中考试题)

 

冠词

考点一:a/an的区别

a用在辅音因素开头的单词前,an用在元音因素开头的单词前。提醒:与字母无关。

①以下字母前用an:a, e, f, h, i, l, m, n, o, r, s, x

an NBA star, a UFO, an ORBIS doctor, a UNICEF worker

Lin Shuhao, now _______ NBA star, used to be a student of the Harvard University. (白下)

A. a                     B. the                    C. an                  D. /

②数字8,11前用an。an 8-year-old boy, a 110-word letter

③首字母不发音的单词:hour, honest。an hour, an honest boy

— Do you know _________ man on TV?  — Yes, he is _________ honest person. (高淳一模)

A. a; an                B. an; the                          C. the; an                 D. the; a

④以u开头的单词如果发/ju:/,则用a。a university, a useful book, an umbrella, an uncle

1. — Kobe Bryant is _______ unusual basketball player.  (六合一模)

  — So he is. He plays _______ basketball very well.

     A. an; /            B. an; the              C. a; the                    D. a; /

2. —What do you want to be when you grow up,Eric? (江宁一模)

  —I want to be__________ university professor. That’s my dream.

   A. a              B. an              C. the            D. \

 

考点二:the, a 区别。the是特指,a是泛指。

—Can you remember when Mr. Green left _____ city? (玄武)

—Sorry, I can’t. I only remember it was _____ Monday.

 A. the; a                   B. the; the                 C. a; a               D. a; /

 

考点三:“a+比较级+名词”,表示“一个更……的……”

Seeing from the top of Yuhuatai, we will have _______ better view. (雨花一模)

A. a               B. an                    C. the                    D. /

 

考点四:“the+比较级”特指两者中“更……”,一般与of the two连用。

Of the two sisters, Lucy is___    one, and she is also the one who loves to be quiet. (高淳)

A. a younger        B. a youngest        C. the younger             D. the youngest

 

考点五:零冠词

①名词前已有指示代词,物主代词,不定代词或名词所有格等修饰语时,用零冠词。

—I can't believe I failed ______ yesterday’s test! What shall I do? (玄武一模)

—Don’t worry. I am sure you can make it if you work harder.

A.a                           B.an                       C.the               D.不填

②三餐、球类、学科前。

—What do you usually have for _________breakfast, Mr. Green? (江宁)

—Two pieces of bread and a glass of milk.

A. a                               B. an                    C. the                           D. 不填

③与by连用的交通工具名词前。提醒:by sea 乘船 by the sea在海边

 

名词

考点一:名词的复数形式。

记住以下各词复数形式所代表的类型:

life, hero, study, mouth, sheep, fish, toothbrush, a man teacher, boy students, twin brothers

1. The soldiers coming to help people in Yushu county are also_______(英雄) in my mind. (高淳)

2. ________ (wolf) belong to the dog family, living and hunting together. (白下)

 

考点二:名词的所有格

①记住以下所有格形式:Lily and Lucy’s mother, Tom’s and Mary’s bags, someone else’s pencil

②双重所有格:a friend of mine, some books of my father’s 

③表示时间、距离、国家、城市等无生命的名词,也可以在词尾加-‘s构成所有格。

today’s news, ten minutes’ walk/ride/drive, last year’s cards, Beijing’s past and present

1. After several ________(week) study, the American students found Chinese interesting to learn.

   (建邺一模)

2. It is about ten _________ (分钟) walk from the centre of the city to my school. (江宁一模)

 

考点三:复合形容词中的名词用单数 an 8-year-old boy

—How amazing the noodle is! (玄武)

—Yes, it is ___, and breaks the Guiness World Record as the longest handmade noodle.

A. 1704-meter-long                                          B. 1704-meters-long    

C. 1704 meter long                                          D. 1704 meters long

 

考点四:十二大不可数名词:

work, weather, food, fun, advice, traffic, music, information, news, knowledge, progress, furniture

1. ---________ unusual music he is playing! (高淳)

  --- Yes, all of the students are losing themselves in it.

A. What                B. What an               C. How a             D. How

2. The ORBIS doctors teach the locals new skills and _________ (知识).  (溧水)

3. I have just moved into a new flat and I need to buy some ____________ (furniture).  (溧水)

4. Our English teacher gave us many     (建议) on the study of a foreign language. (白下)

 

代词

考点一:both, all, none, neither, either辨析

1._______ of the boy’s parents is in. They are having their holiday in Australia. (高淳)

A. None            B. Both            C. Neither            D. Either

2. Amy doesn’t like wearing the blue sweater. Annie doesn’t like it, ________ (也). (江宁)

3. —Which shirt will you take, the white one or the blue one? (白下一模)

 — _______, just for a change.

   A. Either                 B. Neither                    C. Both                 D. All

 

考点二:other, the other, another, others辨析

1. New Zealand has two islands. One is North Island and_______ is South Island. (联合体)

  A. another           B. the other             C. other         D. the others

 

考点三:涉及“二”和“三”的代词

1. —When shall we meet again next week? (高淳一模)

    — _______ day is possible. It’s no problem with me.

  A. Every            B. Any           C. Either          D. Neither

2. You may send me a short message or just give me a call. _______ will do. (雨花一模)

A. None                      B. Either               C. All                    D. Neither

考点四:it用作形式宾语和形式主语。

①find/make/think it +adj. +to do sth

②It’s +adj. +for sb./of sb. +to do sth

③It’s +adj+that+从句

④It is/was+被强调的部分+that/who…

 

考点五:人称代词的主格和宾格。

以下词组用宾格:teach us English, hear from you, belong to me

 

考点六:物主代词

①his和its既是形容词性物主代词也是名词性物主代词。

Their English teacher is from America, while________(we) comes from England. (高淳)

 

考点七:反身代词

①记住以下涉及反身代词的词组:

teach oneself, learn by oneself, enjoy oneself, help oneself to…, come to oneself,

hurt oneself, weigh oneself, wash oneself

If we always keep our worries to ________ (we), things will get even worse. (白下)

②反身代词的位置,置于主语后对主语加强语气,表示“……自己”。

如置于句末,既可对主语加强语气,亦可对该反身代词前的名词加强语气,视上下文语境而定。

 

考点八:指示代词

①电话用语,我是this你是that。

②两者对比中,为避免重复that代替上文中不可数名词或单数名词,those代替可数名词复数。

 

考点九:不定代词

基本用法:形容词修饰不定代词后置;不定代词作主语谓语动词用单数。

Money is important in my life, but it isn’t ______ to me. (玄武一模)

A.everything             B.something              C.nothing                D.anything

 

数词

考点一:基数词的基本用法,确指和泛指表达。

five hundred students, hundreds of students, five hundred of the students

Dr. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum lies in the eastern part of Nanjing and it attracts _______ (百万) of

tourists every year. (江宁一模)

 

考点二:序数词。提醒:ninth, twelfth, twentieth。

①序数词表日期、楼层,世纪、生日、顺序。

1. Tom is busy preparing for a party to celebrate his sister’s _________ (twelve) birthday. (玄武)

2. —How was your day off yesterday? (江宁)

   —Perfect! It was my grandma’s ________(eighty)birthday. We had a big cake.

②“a+序数词”表示“又一,再一”,强调动作的反复性。

③序数词后跟形容词的最高级

④序数词后跟动词不定式

考点三:分数表达

分子用基数词,分母用序数词;分子超过一,分母加-s。

A recent scientific report says three________ (eight) of the school students suffer from

sub-health(亚健康). (白下)

 

考点四:百分数表达。50 percent of the students

百分数和分数作主语,谓语动词跟后面的名词保持一致。

Two thirds of the students in our class ______ money to the poor girl recently. (玄武一模)

A.have raised            B.has raised             C.have donated        D.has donated

 

考点五:有关词组

in the 1870s, in one’s thirties, nine in/out of ten

Though he's in his ________(六十几岁),he's energetic enough to go round. (高淳)

 

形容词

考点一:形容词置于系动词后作表语。

How _____ the song sounds! I have never heard a better one. (玄武一模)

A.beautifully            B.sweet                 C.well                  D.bad

 

考点二:置于宾语后作宾语补足语。常与make, leave, keep, find, think等动词连用。

 

考点三:形容词比较级最高级的构成形式。

prettier, healthier, more slowly, earlier, further, thinner, worse, less, fewer

1. Is that Miss Lee? She is much________(苗条) than before. (白下)

2. The low-carbon(低碳) lifestyle makes us look _______ (healthy) than before. (溧水一模)

 

考点四:修饰比较级表示程度的词:much, a little, even, a lot, far, any, still。提醒:very不修饰比较级。

考点五:as…as…, not as/so…as…结构中用形容词或副词的原级,比较要在同类中进行。

She speaks English_______ an American, so we all believe that she has stayed in America for

many years. (溧水一模)

A. as good as            B. as bad as        C. as badly as      D. as well as

 

考点六:表示“越来越……”时,用比较级重叠结构,即“比较级+and+比较级”,

多音节词和部分双音节词用“more and more+比较级”结构。

 

考点七:表示“越……,越……”时,用“the+比较级,the+比较级”结构。

 

考点八:表示“……中最……”时,用“one of the+形容词最高级+可数名词复数形式”。

1. The Great Wall is one of the ________(奇观)of the world. (联合体)

2. Kitty is one of the ________ (slim) girls in her class. (玄武一模)

 

考点九:-ing形容词和-ed形容词辨析

You can't imagine________ when they received these nice Christmas presents.  (溧水)

A. how excited they were                            B. how exciting they were

C. how excited were they                    D. how they were excited

 

考点十:许多形容词加-ly可以构成副词,但有些-ly结尾的词不是副词,而是形容词。

如:friendly, likely, daily, lively。It’s likely that…

 

考点十一:形容词的否定前缀:dishonest, impossible, impatient, impolite, incorrect, inactive, irregular。

否定后缀:homeless, harmless, hopeless, endless, careless。

1. —You will be ________ (welcome) if you speak loudly in the place like this. (江宁)

   — I’ve got it. Thank you.

2. Though it seemed _________(hope) to pass the exam, he still kept on trying. (白下)

3. You needn’t be frightened because these insects are completely________(harm). (六合一模)

4. — Why do you say Sandy does her homework__________(careful)? (六合一模)

   — Because she always makes many mistakes in her homework.

5. Peter is __________(active). I don’t think he is the suitable person to be our monitor. (白下一模)

 

考点十二:为避免重复替代上文提到的动词用do, does, did。

The girl spends at least as much time singing as she_________ . (溧水)

A. studies   B. does in studying   C. is studying   D. does to study

 

副词

考点一:副词的用法:修饰动词,形容词,副词或句子。提醒:truly, widely, comfortably

1. With the money donated, we have______(success) helped many poor young girls return to school.

    (白下)

2. It is ________ (广泛地) known that Nanjing will hold the 2014 Youth Olympic Games. (栖霞)

3. It was raining so _____(heavy) all the night that many roads were in water the next morning.

    (联合体一模)

 

考点二:副词的比较级和最高级构成形式。

When a little bit of rain falls, the plants hold the water. Without plants, the land can become a

desert much________(easy). (建邺一模)

 

考点三:常置于句首的副词:also, instead, however, therefore, besides, luckily, sadly

—Stephen, did you visit Nanjing Confucius Temple the day before yesterday? (鼓楼)

—No, I didn’t go there as you told me. ______, I went to Jiming Temple with my parents.

A. Instead           B. Also                      C. Otherwise     D. However

 

考点四:相同的介副词和不同的动词搭配常常会放在一起进行辨析。单选和完形填空题型均会涉及。

—Excuse me, will the plane for Beijing __________within an hour? (鼓楼)

—I’m not sure. You can go to the Information Desk for help.

A. get off             B. take off           C. turn off           D. show off

 

介词

考点一:表示时间的介词:at, in, on, after, until, before, since, for, from

—Look! There are so many children in the park. (联合体一模)

—Yeah. Few of them like to stay at home      a sunny Sunday morning.

A. at                     B. in                     C. on               D. for

 

考点二:表示地点的介词:in, on, at, to, towards, over, above, in front of, in the front of, below, under

1. The temperature stays ________(在……之上) zero in winter here. You don’t have to carry

  many clothes with you. (玄武)

2. — My bike is broken. May I go______yours? — Sorry, mine______broken down. (溧水一模)

A. on, is        B. by, is                  C. on, has             D. by, has

 

考点三:表示位置移动的介词:across, through, over, past

1. I walked _____ the post office and turned left into the Park Road. Then I found the bus stop just

   on my right. (白下)

A. across             B. past            C. through         D. along

2. —Oxfam trailwalkers in Hong Kong have to climb________ twenty hills and mountains.

  —It’s really a tough hike. (鼓楼)

  A. through        B. around                    C. over                       D. along

 

考点四:It’s +adj. + of sb to do sth和It’s +adj. + for sb to do sth的区别

It’s kind ________ you to share the birthday cake with me. (栖霞)

A. of                           B. for                          C. to                           D. on

 

考点五:in和after的区别

Another tunnel from Saihongqiao to Gupinggang will be built ________ two years. (联合体)

A. after           B. for                  C. in                     D. during 

 

考点六:to作为介词的五大动词词组:look forward to, pay attention to, be used to(习惯于),

prefer…to…, devote…to…

1. Mr. Green is a Frenchman, but now he is used to_______(live) in China. (高淳)

2. As a young Chinese soldier in the 1960s, Lei Feng was known for devoting most of his spare

time and money to________(help) others. (江宁一模)

 

动词

考点一:动词时态

①一般现在时:用一般现在时表示一般将来时的几种情况:表示时刻表、日历;在时间或条件状语从

句里,如if, unless, until, as soon as, before, after等。客观事实或真理在宾语从句中无论主句时态

如何,都用一般现在时。

1. —Look, what have you done? (玄武)

   —Sorry. I think if I _____ another chance, I’ll do it better.

A. give                  B. will be given           C. will give                 D. am given

2. ---John, you can’t go out to play until your homework _________ (finish). ---Ok, Mum. (高淳)

②一般将来时:There will be…, There is/are going to be…

It’s said that there _____ a football match on TV this evening. (玄武)

A. will have                B. is going to be          C. has         D. is going to have

③现在进行时:表示这个阶段在做某事也要用现在进行时。

④过去进行时:表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作。

—Why weren’t you at the meeting? (联合体)

—I_________ for a call from my husband in Guangdong.

A. waited         B. had waited           C. was waiting           D. will wait

一般过去时和过去进行时的区别。

⑤现在完成时:

吃透其含义过去发生的动作对现在的影响。寻找物品用现在完成时:Have you seen my pen?

since(自从……)后的时态用一般过去时,主句用现在完成时。

非延续性动词不与表示一段时间的状语连用:how long,since+一点时间,for +一段时间。

1. — How long can I       (借)this dictionary?  — For two weeks. (玄武)

2. ---I’m sorry. I’m late for the music presentation. (高淳)

   --- Why are you so late? The presentation _______ for 10 minutes.

A. has begun       B. has stopped              C. has been over           D. has finished

when不与现在完成时连用。

---Do you know _______? ---Sorry, I have no idea. (高淳)

A. where did you park my car             B. what’s the matter with him

C. how can I get to the park                D. when they have finished the work

现在完成时和一般过去时区别。

John _______ at his uncle’s for 3 days and he is now at home. (白下一模)

A. stayed        B. has stayed             C. had stayed      D. was staying             

⑥现在分词和过去分词不规则形式。heard, forgotten, hung, paid, written

 

考点二:被动语态

①各种时态的被动语态构成。其中现在完成时的被动:has/have been +P.P.

Lots of trees ________in our city over the years. It is becoming greener and greener! (白下)

A. are planting                                        B. have planted      

C. will be planted                                    D. have been planted

②完整的短语动词变为被动语态不可丢掉其中的介词或副词。

More attention should be paid to these words.

Good care should be taken of the children.

③主动语态跟动词原形作为宾语补足语,变为被动应加上to。Hear/watch/see/notice/make sb do sth.

变为被动:sb. be heard/watched/seen/noticed/made to do sth.

My cousin is made_________ (study) with his new friends in USA. (玄武)

④不使用被动语态的单词或词组:不及物动词, 系动词, be worth doing, happen, take place, appear,

disappear, sell well。

The cakes in the restaurant _____, so they _____ well. (玄武)

A. are tasted better; are sold                                 B. are tasted well; sell 

C. taste terrible; are sold                                    D. taste nice; sell

 

考点三:非谓语动词

①do/doing/to do形式归纳。

1. Mother is busy __________ (prepare) for the coming big dinner in the kitchen. (玄武)

2. Mother Teresa spent all her time she could ________(care)for the poor. (联合体)

3. You should knock at the door before__________(进入) someone’s house. (溧水)

4. Our head teacher warned us__________ (not fly) kites near power lines in spring. (白下)

5. The old woman prefers _________ (步行) to jogging. (高一模)

6. — Can we ask Jeff for help with our English? (白下一模)

   —You’d better not. He is the last person _______ others.

A. helps                 B. helped                C. helping                    D. to help

②动名词作主语谓语动词用单数。

Doing morning exercises_________(stay) us healthy. (溧水)

③分词作定语。a film directed by Cindy Clark, people living in cold climates

④动词不定式用作目的状语。

1. He runs as quickly as he can_________(catch) the early bus in the morning. (栖霞)

2. _________ (play) basketball well, you have to practise it as often as possible.(溧水)

3. Kitty thought her parents would do a lot __________ (celebrate) her birthday, but they just gave

her a birthday card. (江宁一模)

4. You always do what you can_______(stop) bad things happening at the beginning. (白下一模)

 

考点四:情态动词

①表示猜测的情态动词:must, may, can’t, can

1—Mike’s parents have bought a 2-floor house with a swimming pool. (白下)

 —Oh, it________ be very expensive.

  A. must                   B. can                 C. need               D. should

2. — I think the man over there must be Bob. (六合一模)

— It _______ be him. He has gone to England.

A. can’t                 B. mustn’t               C. couldn’t                D. shouldn’t

②can和be able to的区别。will be able to

③must 开头的疑问句,肯定回答用must,否定回答用needn’t, don’t have to。

— Must I feed the goldfish now? — No, you ______. But you must do it before supper. (建邺一模)

A. needn’t               B. mustn’t         C. don’t                D. can’t

④had better(not)+动词原形。

⑤Will you 疑问句表示询问、请求。Would you please+动词原形…?表示有礼貌的请求。

 

考点五:动词的辨析

①dress, put on, wear, be in,

②spend, cost, take, pay

—What are you going to do this weekend, Sue? (江宁)

—I will _________ it in a farmhouse. I want to enjoy farm fresh food and air.

A. pay                            B. cost                  C. spend                D. take

③lose, forget, leave,

— I’m sorry I _______ my English book at home. (六合一模)

— That’s all right. Don’t forget to bring it next time.

A. forget          B. left             C. have forgotten                  D. had left

④speak, say, talk, tell

⑤protect, provide, present, prevent

⑥rise, raise

⑦have been to, have been in, have gone to

⑧be used to do,be used to doing, used to do

This opener______ open wine bottles, but I seldom use it because I______ wine. (鼓楼)

A. used to; am not used to drinking            B. is used to; am not used to drink

C. is used to; am not used to drinking         D. used to; am not used to drink


中考英语考点归纳(一) - David Zhou - 牛津初中英语
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